Baby Changing Tables are what? A work surface! Really?
Well, any parent out there that has changed messy diapers will confirm that a changing table is defiantly a “work surface”!
Here is what the codes say:
11B-226 Dining surfaces and work surfaces
11B-226.4 Baby-changing tables. Baby changing tables shall comply with Sections 11B-309 and 11B- 902. Baby changing tables when deployed shall not obstruct the required width of an accessible route except as allowed by Section 11B-307.2. Baby changing tables shall not be located in toilet compartments complying with Section 11B-604.8 within a multiple accommodation toilet facility.
So we must comply with:
- 11B-309- operable parts requirements: which include a clear floor or ground space for a wheel chair user to approach, use and exit the restroom, reach range requirements for the handle to deploy within reach for wheel chair use, operable with one hand and that does not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist to deploy. And must not take more than five pounds of pull/ push force to deploy or return to non-use position.
- 11B-902-work surfaces requirements: which include a clear floor space that allows for a forward approach with full knee and toe clearance. Same as required for dining tables, drinking fountains and work desks.
- Baby changing tables when deployed shall not obstruct ( or reduce) the required width of an accessible route except as allowed by 11B-307.2. (required width 44” is vitally important inside multi-accommodation restrooms with a corridor access to the accessible stall)
- 11B-307.2-Protrusion Limits requirements: Objects with leading edges more than 27” and not more than 80” above the finish floor or ground surface shall protrude 4 ½” maximum horizontally into the circulation path.
- 11B-604.8 Wheel Chair Compartments Requirements: Baby-changing table shall not be located in toilet compartments complying with 11B-604.8 within a multi-accommodation toilet facility.
Basically, don’t install the changing table inside the accessible stall within a multiple accommodation restroom unless you can find a wall that provides the items above or when in the down position it doesn’t reduce the corridor width below 44”
It is okay to install them inside a single accommodation Unisex or Family restroom as long as it provides the proper height of 27” to the underside when deployed with a clear floor space away from the toilet or sink for a wheel chair user to forward approach and use.
The codes don’t mention anything about a trash/ diaper receptacle to be included but I do recommend a large trashcan within arms length…if you know what I mean?
Every facility is unique and restroom sizes, age and past upgrade history vary greatly. If you have additional questions concerning the do’s and don’ts of providing baby-changing tables inside your commercial facility please give us a call.